IAEA Regional Training Course on “Organization and Competence of the Regulatory Body” in Beirut, Lebanon from 13 to 17 February 2017, [more info]
Nuclear Security Combating Illicit Trafficking of Radioactive Materials Physical Protection Emergency preparedness and response
Physical Protection
Combating Illicit Trafficking of Radioactive Materials
Since 1999, LAEC has been providing radiation control services and monitoring on the borders, with a total of nine check points (Sea Ports, Land ports and the Airport ), in addition to random visits to the scrap yards spread all over the Lebanese territories. The work aims mainly at maintaining the protection of the public inside Lebanon and abroad from the illegal export and import activities or the smuggling of the radioactive materials by controlling of radioactive sources and contaminated pieces in metal scrap material and other goods.

July 2011: On field surveyor (LAEC), doing a routine check in metal scrap in Beirut Port

June 2011: On field surveyor (LAEC), doing a routine check on a truck carrying metal scrap in Beirut Port

These activities have developed progressively, and are being done with close coordination and cooperation with relevant ministries and the Lebanese Customs and with the IAEA.

Incidents and captured materials are monitored and registered officially and are sent to the IAEA through the Illicit Trafficking Database (ITDB).
Physical Protection
The fundamental base of the physical protection program is to keep the radioactive source or nuclear material secure form any theft or misused, by installing some security measures at the site location and imposing some related rules. The overall aim is to protect the public and the environment from undue radiological risk, of an unauthorized use or sabotage of such materials.

In Lebanon, the main concern is to assure the security of radioactive materials or sources of categories I and II, since there are no nuclear facilities till now in the country.

Following an IAEA INSSERV mission to Lebanon and an Integrated Nuclear Security Support Plan (INSSP), works are ongoing or already being done to raise the level of security mainly for facilities using Category I and II radioactive sources and, in special cases, for lower category sources. Thus, the major task now in the country of a physical protection program within the nuclear security obligations is:

- Re-exporting of disused radioactive sources cat. I and II (cobalt, cesium)
- Insuring the security of cat. I and II radioactive sources already in use

November 2010: Transporting radioactive source during repatriation mission in AUH

August 2009 : Repatriation of 36 cobalt sources from Agricultural Research Institute- mission accomplished

Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPR)
The first effort done in developing of the radiological emergency preparedness and response in Lebanon was in year 2000. The actual work started in 2004 when a contaminated scrap piece was found in exported scrap metal, and, being defined as orphan source, brought to LAEC for temporary storage. Ever since, orphan sources are being brought on emergency missions to the store reaching a number of 100 pieces as of July 2011.

May 2008: Retrieval of one of the contaminated pieces in metal scrap in Beirut Port.

The LAEC EPR team is ready to assist locally in case of any radiological emergency in different situations including the location of an orphan source, transport accidents, localized accidents, etc

So far as of July 2011, around 100 Emergency missions at LAEC have covered the retrieval of radioactive sources found at the monitored scrap at the borders and in scrap yards.

August 2009: Emergency team during IAEA mission in agricultural research institute

National wise, with joint efforts of different key players in the national emergency field, a national committee for Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) emergencies has been established. LAEC works closely and cooperatively with this committee especially in issues related to radiological and nuclear emergencies.